The University of Dodoma was formaly established in March 2007 following the signing of the charter by the president of United republic of Tanzania. The first academic programmes commenced in september 2007.
The University has been designed on a campus college mode each of which will be semi autonomous. In its structure, six colleges are envisaged when the university if fully established by 2012/13. There are:
- College of Education
- College fo Hummanities and Social Sciences
- College of Informatics and Virtual Education
- College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics
- College of Health and Allied Sciences
- College of Earth Sciences
UDOM initially started with four schools, namely Education, Hummanities, Social Sciences and informatics. Currently three colleges and two schools are Operational. These are College of Education, Hummanities and Social Sciences, and College of Informatics and Virtual Education. In addition there are four chools on transition to Campus College. These are School of Natural Sciences and mathematics, on transition to College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics; School of Medicine and Nursing on transition to College of Health and Allied Sciences; and School of Mines and Petroleum to College of Earth Sciences.